Archive for March, 2011

Assignment Six

Apply knowledge of type manipulation in Adobe Illustrator to create an expressive layout and relief print it onto the given substrate.



Today people take typing for granted. People used to have to write everything by hand, so they didn’t write unimportant things down because no one would care and it would take too long. When the printing press came out, only things deemed important could be printed because of the time it took to print them. Even typewriters took a while to type on. If you messed up then you had to start that page over, so people didn’t waste time typing up unimportant thoughts.


Today is someone thinks of something they will type it up and post it on their facebook or twitter. No matter how unimportant the thought is, they will post it. Today there are 50 million tweets per day. Anytime someone is bored they will most likely post that. This is a waste of the technology we have today. It takes so little time to tweet or update your status that people are taking it for granted and posting whatever pops into their heads.


Apply knowledge of Photoshop brush techniques to mimic the style and design of a hand-crafted illuminated manuscript page. Then print onto parchment paper.




Dagurreotype Image:








Calotype Image:









Wet Collodion Image:











Dry Plate Image:









The first photograph of a human:









The Daguerreotype process was invented by Daguerre. Less exposure time, but still expensive and took long to do. The Calotype was invented by William Fox Talbot. This process took a while, but you could create unlimited copies using the negatives. The Wet Collodion process was invented by Archer. These didn’t take very long to develop and was cheaper, but it was inconvenient. The Dry Plate process was invented by Richard Maddox. It was more convenient, but too complicated for the public. Louis Daguerre is credited of taking the first photograph of a human. Photo emulsion is a layer of photo sensitive material coated onto a substrate. Eastman named his company Kodak because he loved the letter “K”. He and his mother used an anagram set to make the name. Polaroid cameras have three dyes on the film that are light sensitive to different colors- red, green, and blue. Exposed particles are turned into metallic silver. The film is then treated with cyan, magenta, and yellow dyes. The dyes react and form a picture.

Use the techniques rule-of-thirds, leading lines, and perspective to create a sequence of photos. In photoshop manipulate them to look like they are part of a photo booth photo strip.





Sholes Typewriter:


























Linotype being used:













The typewriter is important because it caused more advances in technology and allowed everything to be written faster which caused more people to share ideas. Typesetting is setting of written material into type. Linotype is the greatest advance in technology since moveable type because it could create lines of type much quicker and less operators were needed to make more pages. The Linotype keyboard consisted of 90 keys. It had lowercase keys (which were black), uppercase (which were white), and blue keys which included punctuation, small capital letters, and fixed width spaces.

The Gutenberg printing press used moveable type and printed the form onto a sheet of paper. This is an example of Relief printing.

The Gutenberg Press:












Moveable type is a system of printing that uses moveable components to create uniform type.

Moveable type:









Porous printing is basic stencil process. Ink is forced into open areas to print onto other surfaces.

Intaglio printing is also called printmaking. The image is etched into the plate surface. Then ink is applied then ribbed with a cloth to remove excess ink. Damp paper is placed in top and pressure is applied to transfer the ink.

Lithography printing is also called planographic. A drawing is made on the plate with greasy ink or crayon. Water is then applied. Then ink is added on top. The wet parts of the paper is accept the ink, but the ink slides off the greasy parts.

Offset Lithography is when rollers apply oil-based ink and water to rubber plates. The oil-based ink wont adhere to the non-image areas. The inked image is transfered to a rubber cylinder which will transfer the image to the paper.

Offset Lithography:










One of the most popular printing processes today is four color process printing, or CMYK. This is different from the Gutenberg press because it uses different layers of ink to create each component on the page. The colors are cyan, magenta, yellow, and black, which is what CYMK stands for. These are layered to create different colors and none are placed where there is white space. The Gutenberg Press uses individual components for each letter, symbol, ect.

The word “codex” comes from “caudex” which means “block of wood” in Latin. This is because early codexes resembled blocks of wood. Random access is when you can go to any point to find information. Sequential access is when you have to go through looking for a certain passage or certain information. A codex is a covered and bound collection or hand written pages. An illuminated manuscript is a book decorated with illustrations, borders, and other ornamentations. Craftsmanship is the work of a craftsman. It is important because is determines what the finished product will look like. The format of the codex gained popularity because of the many advantages. Some examples are ease of reference, random access, compactness, and portability. Today the codex format is used in textbooks, bibles, notebooks, and account books.

















Illuminated Manuscript:


Assignment Four

objective: Apply knowledge of Photoshop/Illustrator techniques to design two lowercase characters for the font, Trajan. Manipulate the design to look like it is chiseled into stone.



After 2,000 years without any information about Egypt, the Rosetta Stone was discovered by soldiers while they rebuilt the wall surrounding Rosetta. This 1,500 pound stone was covered with three different languages, Hieroglyphics, Greek, and Demonic. Hieroglyphics were composed of animals, human heads, and strange symbols. It was discovered that all three languages said the same thing, but the stone was broken on the top and along the sides. Britain and France raced to decode the stone that they soon found out honored the Pharaoh Ptolemy.